The Garuda Purana is one of the 18 major Puranas, a genre of Hindu scriptures that narrate the history and mythology of the universe. The Garuda Purana is named after Garuda, the divine eagle who serves as the mount of Lord Vishnu. The Garuda Purana is mainly focused on the topics of death, afterlife, and liberation.
The Garuda Purana is believed to have been composed between the 8th and 11th centuries CE. It consists of two parts: the Purva Khanda (first section) and the Uttara Khanda (second section). The Purva Khanda contains 240 chapters, while the Uttara Khanda contains 80 chapters. The Purva Khanda deals with various aspects of life, such as cosmology, ethics, rituals, festivals, pilgrimage, astrology, medicine, and law. The Uttara Khanda deals with the journey of the soul after death, the torments of hell, the rewards of heaven, and the path to liberation.
The Garuda Purana is widely read and revered by Hindus, especially in Tamil Nadu. The Tamil version of the Garuda Purana was translated by S.K. Swami in 1968 and published by Koviloor Andavar Library. The Tamil version contains 80 chapters in the Uttara Khanda, which describe the different types of sins and their corresponding punishments in hell. The Tamil version also contains a chapter on the signs of death and how to prepare for it.
The Garuda Purana is a valuable source of spiritual wisdom and guidance for Hindus. It teaches the importance of living a righteous life and avoiding evil deeds. It also provides comfort and hope for those who are grieving or facing death. It assures them that death is not the end, but a transition to a new state of existence. It also explains how one can attain liberation from the cycle of birth and death by following the teachings of Lord Vishnu.
The Garuda Purana also contains a dialogue between Lord Vishnu and Garuda, the king of birds, in which the latter asks various questions about the nature of existence, the soul, the supreme reality, and the path to liberation. Lord Vishnu answers these questions by revealing the secrets of Vedanta, Yoga, and Bhakti. He also explains the role of karma, dharma, and moksha in human life.
The Garuda Purana is not only a source of spiritual knowledge, but also a guide for practical living. It contains various instructions on how to perform rituals, ceremonies, and sacrifices for various occasions and purposes. It also prescribes ethical codes of conduct for different classes and stages of life. It also gives advice on health, hygiene, diet, medicine, astrology, gemology, and other sciences.
The Garuda Purana is a unique and comprehensive text that covers both the material and spiritual aspects of life. It is a treasure trove of wisdom and insight for anyone who wants to understand the mysteries of existence and the ways to attain happiness and peace. It is also a sacred scripture that inspires devotion and faith in Lord Vishnu and his incarnations. ec8f644aee